OPEN COURTS — Brian Baxter reports for The AmLaw Daily that four press organizations are suing for access to the transcript of a civil lawsuit tried almost entirely behind closed doors in a federal courtroom in Los Angeles recently—an almost unheard of use of judicial secrecy outside the realm of national security.

After being arrested in 2001 for his role in a plot to
bomb a California mosque and the office of Lebanese American congressman
Darrell Issa, former Jewish Defense League activist Earl Krugel pleaded guilty to
a conspiracy charge and received a 20-year prison sentence.

While serving that sentence at a medium-security
federal prison in Phoenix
he was murdered while exercising in a prison rec yard in November 2005. David Jennings, a
known white supremacist, bludgeoned Krugel to death by hitting him five times
in the head with a concrete paving stone.

A year later Krugel's widow, Lola, sued the U.S.
government under the Federal Tort Claims Act seeking damages for the prison authorities' failure to classify Jennings as a risk to other prisoners and
confine him to a higher-security facility. According to reports at the time,
Krugel had been transferred to the Phoenix prison just three days before his death.

But unlike most other civil suits, the two-day bench
trial in July before U.S. district court judge Stephen Wilson in Los Angeles
was held almost entirely in secret. Wilson ruled in favor of the
government, but that decision is also under seal.

"It's quite remarkable, I don't think I've seen
anything like it in my 25 plus years of practice," says Kelli Sager, media chair at  Davis Wright

who is representing four media groups that filed a motion to intervene
on Tuesday seeking access to the trial transcript: the Los Angeles
Times, AP, California Newspaper Publishers Association and The
Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press. 

"Other than hearing that the ruling was for the
government, we can't find out why," Sager says. "His order dismissing
part of the claims against the government was publicly available and is attached to our papers."

According to the Los Angeles Times, which wrote
extensively about the case last month
when Wilson ordered the courtroom closed,
the secrecy is intended to protect Bureau of Prisons policies regarding rooting
out inmates with gang affiliations and preventing them from harming others.